03 April 2015

#57 Immunity - Syllabus 2015

• The immune system
• Vaccination

Candidates should be able to:

(a) [PA] recognise phagocytes and lymphocytes under the light microscope;

(b) state the origin and describe the mode of action of phagocytes (macrophages and neutrophils);

(c) describe the modes of action of B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes;

(d) explain the meaning of the term immune response, making reference to the terms antigen, self and non-self;

(e) explain the role of memory cells in long-term immunity;

(f) relate the molecular structure of antibodies to their functions;

(g) distinguish between active and passive, natural and artificial immunity and explain how vaccination can control disease ;

(h) discuss the reasons why vaccination programmes have eradicated smallpox but not measles,
tuberculosis (TB), malaria or cholera;

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