29 March 2015

# 54.1 Infectious disease - Syllabus 2015

• Cholera, malaria, tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS, smallpox and measles
• Antibiotics

Learning Outcomes

Candidates should be able to:

(a) define the term disease and explain the difference between an infectious disease and
non-infectious diseases;

(b) state names and types of causative organism of each of the following diseases: cholera, malaria, TB, HIV/AIDS, smallpox and measles (detailed knowledge of structure is not required. For smallpox (Variola) and measles (Morbillivirus) names of genus only is needed);

(c) explain how cholera, measles, malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS are transmitted;

(d) discuss the factors that need to be considered in the prevention and control of cholera, measles, malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS (a detailed study of the life cycle of the malarial parasite is not required) (an appreciation of social and biological factors and how economic factors can affect these should be included);

(e) discuss the factors that influence the global patterns of distribution of malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS and assess the importance of these diseases worldwide;

(f) outline the role of antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial infectious diseases (knowledge of specific antibiotics and their mode of action is not required);

(g) use the knowledge gained in this section in new situations or to solve related problems.

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